Abstract: Patients with HIV or AIDS are more likely to complain of sleep difficulties than are patients with other medical illnesses. However, clinicians may not always register the seriousness of disrupted sleep. It is important for medical professionals treating patients with HIV disease to take complaints of disrupted sleep seriously, since such complaints are associated with an increased risk of depression, pain, and substance abuse. Sleep disorders are highly prevalent in the HIV seropositive population, and have been demonstrated to be a primary contributor to non-adherence to HIV retroviral regimens. More importantly, sleep has been demonstrated to be a powerful predictor of both co-morbid psychiatric illnesses as well as medical co-morbidities. Emerging evidence links impaired sleep quality to inflammatory cytokines that may contribute negatively to overall health status. This session will review common disorders of sleep initiation and sleep maintenance including primary insomnia, sleep disorders secondary to either HIV or other co-morbid medical and psychiatric conditions, and treatments for the various sleep disorders. Duration: 27 minutes.
This video was originally recorded at the 165th American Psychiatric Association Annual Meeting on May 7th, 2012 in Philadelphia, PA.